Muzeul Național de Artă al României
|Location||Royal Palace, Bucharest, Romania|
|Accreditation||National Network of Museums of Romania|
|Owner||Ministry of Culture of Romania|
|Public transit access||RATB, Bucharest Metro|
The National Museum of Art of Romania (Romanian: Muzeul Național de Artă al României) is located in the Royal Palace in Revolution Square, central Bucharest. It features collections of medieval and modern Romanian art, as well as the international collection assembled by the Romanian royal family.
The exhibition "Shadows and Light" ran from 15 July to 2 October 2005. With four centuries of French art, it was the largest exhibition of French painting in Central and Eastern Europe since 1945. 77 works were exhibited, including masterpieces by painters such as Poussin, Chardin, Ingres, David, Delacroix, Corot, Cézanne, Matisse, Picasso, and Braque.
The museum was damaged during the 1989 Romanian Revolution that led to the downfall of Nicolae Ceaușescu. In 2000, part of the museum reopened to the public, housing the modern Romanian collection and the international collection; the comprehensive Medieval art collection, which now features works salvaged from monasteries destroyed during the Ceaușescu era, reopened in spring 2002. There are also two halls that house temporary exhibits.
The modern Romanian collection features sculptures by Constantin Brâncuși and Dimitrie Paciurea, as well as paintings by Theodor Aman, Nicolae Grigorescu, Theodor Pallady, Gheorghe Petrașcu, and Gheorghe Tattarescu.
The international collection includes works by Old Masters such as Domenico Veneziano, El Greco, Tintoretto, Jan van Eyck, Jan Brueghel the Elder, Peter Paul Rubens, and Rembrandt, plus a smattering of works by impressionists such as Claude Monet and Alfred Sisley. Among the best known Old Master works in the collection are Jacopo Amigoni's portrait of the singer Farinelli, a Crucifixion by Antonello da Messina, and Alonso Cano's Christ at the Column.
In the southern part of the building the European Museum Art Gallery was reopened in 2000. The painting collection was made available on the basis of 214 works of art from the collection of King Carol I, to which were added pictures of other members of the royal family. The king's collection included paintings by El Greco, Rembrandt, Bruegel the Elder, Rubens, and Domenico Veneziano.
In spring 2001, the Romanian Modern Art Gallery reopened. The paintings are displayed on the mezzanine and second floor wing of the building. Early Romanian paintings are exhibited on the mezzanine (Nicolae Polcovnicul, Eustație Altini, Anton Chladek, Niccolò Livaditti, Giovanni Schiavoni, Carol Wallenstein de Vella, Constantin Daniel Rosenthal, Ion Negulici, Constantin Lecca, Carol Szathmari), along with portraits of family members and a few landscapes.
In the Modern Romanian Section, the following painters are also represented:
Other noteworthy non-Romanian paintings are:
Venus and Amor, Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1520
The Marriage of the Virgin , El Greco, 1614
The three Graces, Hans von Aachen, 1604
Our Lady and the Child, Domenico Veneziano,
Donor, Hans Memling, 1490
The Four Seasons - Autumn by Pieter Brueghel the Younger
Green robe, Claude Monet, 1866
The Annunciation by Tintoretto
Throne room pavilion
Hall of Flemish and Dutch painters
Throne room pavilion
Gallery of European art
Hall of Romanian art
Hall of early Romanian art
Throne room pavilion ceiling
- Istoricul clădirii
- Online Gallery. "Umbre și Lumini. Patru secole de pictură franceză. Secolul XIX". Online Gallery.ro. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
- Muzee şi Colecţii din România
- Official site of the museum (Romanian, English)